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    Paid Sick Leave Laws: What Your Production Should Know

    While there are currently no federal legal requirements for paid sick leave benefits, which allow employees to take time off to take care of health issues and differ from both PTO and vacation time, several states and cities allow employees to earn paid sick time. 

    New paid leave policies took effect for Illinois, Minnesota, and California as of 1.1.2024.

    Illinois

    Paid leave took effect 1.1.2024 for all Employees working in Illinois. Employers can front load paid leave at the beginning of the year if they choose. 

    • How is paid leave accrued and paid? Employees began accruing paid leave on 1.1.2024 at the rate of 1 hour per 40 hours worked, up to 40 hours of paid leave per year (more if allowed by employer).

    Paid leave is paid at the Employee's normal hourly rate of pay.

    • How can paid leave be used? Employees may take paid leave for any reason of their choosing. Employees can begin to use accrued leave on 3.31.2024. New hires after 1.1.2024 may begin to use accrued leave after a 90 day waiting period.

    Employers must permit Employees to take leave in increments of a minimum of 2 hours (and can choose to allow leave to be taken in smaller increments).

    • How much paid leave can be carried over year to year? Employers are not required to carry over any unused leave year to year if they choose to frontload hours; otherwise, they must allow Employees to carry over 40 hours of unused accrued leave.

    For more information about Illinois paid leave, visit the official Illinois paid leave site.

    Minnesota

    Earned Sick and Safe Leave took effect 1.1.2024 for all Employees who work at least 80 hours/year for a Minnesota employer. Employers can front load paid leave at the beginning of the year if they choose. There are two methods for frontloading leave:

    1. Employer front loads 48 hours of leave and pays out any unused leave at year end.
    2. Employer front loads 80 hours of leave (no payout of unused leave is required).
    • How is paid leave accrued and paid? Employees began accruing paid leave on 1.1.2024 (or the first day of employment if after 1.1.2024) at the rate of 1 hour per 30 hours worked. Employees may accrue up to 48 hours of paid leave per year (more if allowed by employer). Employees can begin using leave as it is accrued and there is no waiting period for new hires. Leave is paid at the Employee's normal hourly rate of pay.
    • How can paid leave be used? Employees may take paid leave for medical care of self/family, illness, domestic abuse, sexual assault, stalking, or closures due to a weather emergency.
    • How much paid leave can be carried over year to year? If employers front load leave, they are not required to carry over any unused leave year to year; otherwise any unused leave carries over year to year, up to a maximum of 80 hours of leave. 

    For more information about Minnesota paid leave, visit the official Minnesota paid leave site.

    California

    As of 1.1.2024, new changes are now in effect for Employers in California. Learn more here.

    ✅ If you have any questions about payroll laws in the state where you’re filming, or production payroll, please contact us

    Paid Sick Leave Laws Across All U.S. States

    Arizona

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 30 hours worked. Learn more

    California

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 30 hours worked. Learn more

    Additional information: Berkeley, Emeryville, Los Angeles, Oakland, San Diego, San Francisco, Santa Monica, West Hollywood

    Colorado

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 30 hours worked. Learn more

    Connecticut

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 40 hours worked. Learn more

    District of Columbia

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 100+ EEs: 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 37 hours worked 25-99 EEs: 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 43 hours worked 1-24 EEs: 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 87 hours worked. Learn more

    Illinois

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 40 hours worked. Learn more Additional information: Chicago

    Maine

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 40 hours worked. Learn more

    Maryland

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 30 hours worked. Learn more

    Massachusetts

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 30 hours worked. Learn more

    Michigan

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 35 hours worked. Learn more

    Minnesota

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 30 hours worked. Learn more Additional information: Bloomington, Minneapolis, St. Paul

    Nevada

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 0.01923 hours of paid sick leave accrues per 1 hour worked. Learn more

    New Jersey

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 30 hours worked. Learn more

    New Mexico

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 30 hours worked. Learn more

    New York

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 30 hours worked. Learn more

    Oregon

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 30 hours worked. Learn more

    Pennsylvania

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? n/a, There is not a state-wide policy. Philadelphia, Pittsburgh

    Rhode Island

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 35 hours worked. Learn more

    Vermont

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 52 hours worked. Learn more

    Virginia

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 30 hours worked. Learn more

    Washington

    How Does Sick Pay Accrue? 1 hour of paid sick leave accrues per 40 hours worked. Learn more

    Additional information: Seattle, Tacoma


    This information in this communication is general in nature, and is not intended, nor should it be construed, as legal, accounting, tax or other professional advice rendered by GreenSlate, LLC. The reader should contact his or her attorney, CPA, or tax professional prior to taking any action based upon this information.

    Updated February 23, 2024

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